Xinomavro Wine: Macedonia’s Heritage


Nestled in the breathtaking landscapes of Macedonia, the region’s winemaking prowess shines through in its production of Xinomavro wine. Considered the king of Greek red wines, Xinomavro embodies the rich history and traditions of this fertile land. With its distinct flavors, exceptional aging potential, and unique terroir, Xinomavro has earned a reputation as one of Greece’s finest wine varieties. This article delves into the characteristics of Xinomavro wine and explores the art of its production in the Greek Macedonia region.


The Noble Red Grape

Xinomavro, a Greek word meaning “sour black,” is a noble red grape variety that thrives in the region’s vineyards. Renowned for its vibrant acidity and complex tannic structure, Xinomavro grapes produce wines with remarkable aging potential. The variety is primarily cultivated in the Naoussa, Amyndeon, and Goumenissa appellations of Greek Macedonia, where the unique terroir imparts distinctive characteristics to the wine.


Terroir and Climate

Greek Macedonia’s terroir plays a pivotal role in shaping Xinomavro’s flavor profile. The region’s vineyards benefit from a continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters, creating ideal conditions for grape cultivation. The high altitude vineyards, often reaching up to 700 meters, contribute to the grapes’ vibrant acidity and balanced ripening.

The soil composition in the region varies, adding further complexity to the wine. In Naoussa, limestone-rich soils lend elegance and finesse, while Amyndeon’s sandy and clay soils bring depth and structure. Goumenissa showcases a mix of sandy and loamy soils, resulting in wines with a delicate balance of fruitiness and earthiness.


Winemaking Techniques

The production of Xinomavro wine involves meticulous attention to detail and a commitment to traditional winemaking methods. Harvested by hand, the grapes undergo a gentle destemming process to preserve their integrity. Fermentation usually takes place in temperature-controlled stainless steel tanks, allowing for better control over extraction and maceration.

Xinomavro’s tannins and acidity require careful handling during vinification. Extended maceration periods and frequent punch-downs or pump-overs aid in extracting the desired levels of tannins and color. Some winemakers also employ a technique called “bleeding” or saignée, where a portion of the grape must is removed early in the fermentation process to increase concentration and complexity.


Aging Potential and Flavor Profile

Xinomavro wines are known for their exceptional aging potential, comparable to renowned European wines. The tannic structure and acidity provide a solid foundation for extended cellaring. Traditional producers often age Xinomavro in large oak barrels for several years, allowing the wine to develop a harmonious balance of flavors.


In its youth, Xinomavro displays vibrant red fruit notes such as cherry, raspberry, and cranberry, coupled with an herbaceous undertone. As the wine matures, these flavors evolve into more complex profiles of dried fruit, figs, and tobacco, interwoven with hints of spice and earthiness. The high acidity contributes to the wine’s longevity, allowing it to develop tertiary aromas over time.


Food Pairing and Culinary Affinities

Xinomavro’s versatility in food pairing makes it a beloved choice among wine enthusiasts. Its acidity and tannic structure pair well with robust and rich dishes. In Greek cuisine, Xinomavro beautifully accompanies dishes such as lamb, moussaka, and game meats. The wine’s acidity also makes it a perfect match for tomato-based sauces, roasted vegetables, and aged cheeses.



Xinomavro wine stands as a proud symbol of Greek Macedonia’s winemaking heritage. Its distinctive character, derived from the region’s unique terroir, captivates wine enthusiasts worldwide. With its vibrant acidity, complex tannins, and exceptional aging potential, Xinomavro continues to impress as one of Greece’s most remarkable red wine varieties. Whether enjoyed in its youth or after years of patient aging, Xinomavro embodies the essence of Greek winemaking tradition and invites us to savor the rich flavors of this captivating wine.

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